Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence vs Data Science


Artificial Intelligence (AI) and data science are two fields that have been gaining a lot of attention in recent years. However, these two concepts are not necessarily synonymous. In fact, many people confuse them with each other as they both involve the use of algorithms and machine learning techniques to analyze data sets. In this article, we will discuss in detail the core differences between artificial intelligence and data science.

What Is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a field of computer science that studies how to make computers do things that require intelligence when done by humans. AI is also referred to as machine learning or deep learning.

AI is a broad field, but at its core, AI is about making computers and machines that are capable of intelligent behavior. 

Thus, many people use the terms “artificial intelligence” and “machine learning” interchangeably. However, there are some differences between them: while machine learning involves automating analytical processes using algorithms based on statistical patterns in data sets (usually big data), artificial intelligence aims at creating systems with cognitive abilities similar to those of human beings.

The term “artificial intelligence” was coined in 1956 by John McCarthy, who defined it as the study of “how to make machines do things that would require intelligence if done by people.” The field has experienced many peaks and valleys since then, but it is currently enjoying a renaissance due to recent advances in machine learning (ML) technologies.

What Is Data Science?

Data science is a broad field that deals with data, data analysis, and interpretation, and it’s also a combination of statistics, programming, and domain knowledge. Data science is used to solve problems in business, medicine, politics, and the social sciences.

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Data scientists use tools like machine learning algorithms to discover patterns in data that can be used for predictive modeling or decision-making. This process involves gathering as much information as possible about a specific issue or problem before creating models based on previous events.

Data science is used in many fields, including medicine, business, and politics. For example, data scientists can use their skills to create algorithms that help doctors diagnose diseases or recommend treatments in the medical field. Data science can also be used in business for analyzing marketing campaigns or customer behavior.

Is Data Science the Same Thing as Machine Learning?

It’s helpful to consider the definitions of Data Science and Machine Learning to answer this question. According to MIT, Data Science is “the field that uses computer science, statistics, data analysis, and probability theory to turn raw data into information and knowledge.”

Machine Learning (ML) is a form of artificial intelligence (AI) that uses machine learning algorithms to learn how to predict new results for 

software applications without having programmed them explicitly to do so. The algorithms use historical data as input in order to predict new values for new software applications.

Data science is a broader term than machine learning because it includes other subfields such as artificial intelligence (AI) and deep learning; however, you can think about AI as one type of machine learning technology or approach.

Is Artificial Intelligence the Same Thing as Machine Learning?

No. Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence, but not all AI programs are machine learning algorithms. For example, there are many computer vision problems that a machine learning algorithm may solve but don’t necessarily fit the strict definition of “machine learning.”

For instance: imagine you want to train an algorithm to detect faces in images. One way you could do this is by using a convolutional neural network (CNN). This type of network is capable of detecting most objects with high accuracy from image data alone—including human faces.

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Some Key Differences Between AI and Data Science

AI and Data Science are often used interchangeably, but they aren’t the same thing. AI is a more general term that refers to any computer program that can learn and make decisions on its own. Artificial Intelligence has been around since the 1950s, but it’s only recently that computers have become powerful enough to perform deep learning tasks—like recognizing patterns and making predictions based on those patterns—without human programming.

Data Science is more specific than AI because it involves analyzing data to predict future outcomes or provide insights. It is done using statistical methods such as regression analysis, which allows you to conclude your dataset based on known factors (like age or gender). Some people also classify Machine Learning as part of “the science” because it relies heavily on algorithms trained through repeated examples; however, other Data Scientists argue against this categorization because machine learning doesn’t necessarily require statistical methods for analysis or prediction.

As you may know, there’s no such thing as a “Data Scientist Degree” or “Certification.” Instead, you’ll need to earn a Computer Science (or similar) degree from an accredited university. You can also apply for Data Science training programs that will teach you the skills necessary for this role; however, these courses are more expensive and take longer than earning your Bachelor’s degree.

Artificial Intelligence vs Data Science

ParametersData ScienceArtificial Intelligence
DefinitionIt is a scientific field that consists of the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.In artificial intelligence, only future patterns and trends are analyzed in order to predict future outcomes.
ScopeData Science is a subject matter that encompasses a wide range of underlying data operations.An artificial intelligence system can only be implemented if ML algorithms are used as the basis for it.
Type of DataVarious kinds of data will be produced by the Data Science process, including structured, semi-structured, as well as unstructured data.As part of Artificial Intelligence, standardized data in the form of vectors and embeddings can be found as part of the data set.
ApplicationsIn the Internet Search Engine field, for example, Google, Bing, and Yahoo, as well as the Marketing Field, Banking Field, Advertising Field, and many more, Data Science applications are used in the field of Data Science.In many industries, such as the healthcare industry, the transport industry, the robotics industry, the automation industry, and the manufacturing industry, Artificial Intelligence applications are used in various applications.
PurposeData Science is primarily concerned with finding patterns hidden in data in order to determine the direction the data will move. These two fields have different purposes and goals, which are different from each other, but both have important aspects in common.AI is a technology whichthat automates processes and gives autonomy to the models of data in order to provide the most accurate and efficient results.
Degree in Scientific ProcessingThe use of less scientific processing in data science.A significant amount of scientific processing will be used in the process of artificial intelligence.
ToolsIn Data Science, there are a number of tools that are used, such as Keras, SPSS, Python, SAS, R, etc.The most commonly used tools in Artificial Intelligence are Mahout, TensorFlow, Shogun, PyTorch, Scikit-learn, Kaffe, and many others.

AI vs Data Science in the Workplace

AI and data science are sometimes confused with one another. But they are two different things. Data science is a subset of AI (artificial intelligence), which means that it’s part of the larger field of artificial intelligence. So, while they’re both related, you should know that they’re not the same thing.

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Data science focuses on finding patterns in large amounts of data and using those patterns to solve problems, for example, by identifying fraudulent credit card transactions or figuring out which customers are likely to churn within six months so you can offer them incentives to stick around. Data scientists use tools like machine learning algorithms and natural language processing (NLP) techniques to analyze vast amounts of information and then present their findings in ways business executives can understand.

AI is broader than data science because it covers more areas, including computer vision, decision-making systems, robotics, and NLP, alongside traditional statistical methods such as linear regression or clustering algorithms used for predictive analytics tasks such as fraud detection or churn prediction, among others.


In summary, artificial intelligence and data science are two different things with unique skills. However, they also share many overlapping features and can be used together to create solutions that are more efficient than either could do alone. You can enroll in the Knowledgehut artificial intelligence course if you want to pursue a career related to artificial intelligence. The course will help you master fundamental to advanced concepts of AI and help you build AI skills to prepare you for a career in the domain.


Q1. Is AI going to replace data science?

AI is more likely to become an extremely intelligent assistant to data scientists, allowing them to perform more complex data simulations than they have ever been able to do before. Data scientists will increasingly rely on analytical skills to implement more complex simulations in many more traditional roles in the future.

Q2. Are AI and data science more in demand?

Yes, if you wish to study data science as your field of research, then it is a good choice for you. But if you are more interested in becoming an engineer and want to bring intelligence to software products, then machine learning, or more preferably artificial intelligence, is the best option for you.

Q3. Do I need to learn data science or AI first?

The best thing to do if you want to get into fields like natural language processing, computer vision, or AI-related robots is to learn AI first if you plan on getting into these fields.

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